1967 – China’s first atomic bomb tested
In 1954, Mao Zedong asked Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev to reveal the secret of the atomic bomb and help establish the production of new weapons in China.
From 1955 to 1958, the USSR and China signed a series of agreements on cooperation in the development of the Chinese nuclear industry. According to one of the treaties, the Soviet Union promised to transfer to China a model of the atomic bomb and the necessary technical documentation. However, by the end of the 1950s, relations between the two countries had deteriorated, and Khrushchev decided not to give atomic secrets to China.
Then Mao ordered the Chinese scientists to immediately begin a work on their own nuclear weapons. About 900 scientific and industrial organizations, united under the leadership of the Second Ministry of Engineering, worked on the nuclear weapons project.
On October 16, 1964, the first Chinese atomic bomb with a capacity of 22 kt was tested at the Lobnor test site (northeastern part of the Charklyk county of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region), and on June 17, 1967, was tested a thermonuclear (hydrogen) bomb with an energy release of 3 Mt. In total, up to 1996, 45 tests were conducted at the test site.
Currently, China possesses land and sea based nuclear weapons of global scale.