April 20 – April 26 2020 /Week in History/
The first reporting live of an atomic bomb explosion for 35 million people, launching a ship that survived two world wars, a tragedy in a Chinese mine that claimed the lives of 1,500 people. What else happened this week? Read the new week in history.
A new article, “A Week in History,” is published every Sunday at exactly 19:00 London time
1917 – The first flight of the first airship of the US Navy DN-1
The first flight of the first airship of the United States Navy DN-1 (or A-1), built by the Connecticut Aircraft Company, was made on April 20, 1917. Its volume was 4247.5 m3, length – 53.34 meters. The speed up to 56 km / h the airship developed with a single engine Stertevant with a capacity of 145 hp. Initially, the DN-1 had two engines, but, being too heavy, underwent a modification.
1809 – Battle of Landshut
The Battle of Landshut took place on April 21, 1809 between the French army of 77,000 soldiers and the Austrian army of 36,000. The battle ended with the victory of France.
The battle began when General Hiller retreated with 36,000 troops after the battle of Abensberg. The French commander, Jean Lannes, followed Hiller, believing that he had a chance to crush most of the Austrian army. Along with the forces of Marshal Lann, 57,000 soldiers of Marshal Massen were approaching the battlefield to intercept Hiller and prevent him from retreating. The Austrians, although outnumbered, fought for a long time until Napoleon I Bonaparte arrived, then the defeat of the Austrians became clear.
1952— 35 million Americans witnessed a live report from a test of a nuclear bomb in Nevada
On April 22, 1952, the explosion of the atomic bomb in Nevada was the first nuclear explosion shown on television live – it was watched by 35 million Americans.
The Nevada Test Site is one of the largest nuclear test sites in the United States, existing since 1951. Previously called Nevada Proving Ground. The landfill area is about 3,500 km2, 928 nuclear explosions were carried out on it. The most explosion with a capacity of 1 kiloton was carried out on January 27, 1951. The landfill is located in the United States in southern Nevada in Nye County, 105 km southwest of Las Vegas.
1913 – Launch of RMS Aquitania, the only liner that participated in both world wars
On April 21, 1913, the new companion of “Lusitania” and “Mauritania” was launched and named “Aquitania”. “Cunard Line” followed the tradition of naming ships in honor of the Roman provinces, and the name “Aquitania” came from the area of today’s southwestern France. After the descent, the decoration began. The work lasted approximately thirteen months, and on May 29, 1914, Aquitania was commissioned. But this event was overshadowed by the death of the passenger liner “Express of Ireland” in Canada.
1926 – The Soviet-German Treaty of Friendship and Neutrality was signed
On April 24, 1926, Weimar Germany and the Soviet Union concluded another treaty (Treaty of Berlin (1926)), declaring the parties’ adherence to the Treaty of Rapallo and neutrality for five years. The treaty was signed by German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann and Soviet ambassador Nikolay Krestinsky. The treaty was perceived as an imminent threat by Poland (which contributed to the success of the May Coup in Warsaw), and with caution by other European states regarding its possible effect upon Germany’s obligations as a party to the Locarno Agreements. France also voiced concerns in this regard in the context of Germany’s expected membership in the League of Nations.
1944 – American General George Patton declared that the fate of England and the United States is to “rule the world.”
George S. Patton. Diary entry, May 1, 1944
Six weeks before D-Day, the irrepressible American General George Patton had been quoted in Knutsford, England, as having said that the British and American peoples were destined to rule the world together. Since the Soviets had apparently been left out of this equation, the remark made newspaper headlines. Patton’s handwritten diary entry noted that General Eisenhower had “talked to the P.M. about the incident and Churchill told him that he could see nothing to it as Patton had simply told the truth.”
Holograph diary. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (215)
1942 – 1,547 people died in an accident at a mine in Benxi
On April 26, 1942, for urgent repair of an overhead power line, the power supply to the mine was interrupted and the main ventilation fans were stopped. The management of the mine decided not to bring the workers to the surface. Moreover, they were not even warned about the cessation of ventilation. After a one-hour break, the power supply to the mine was resumed and an explosion immediately rang out, spreading over several horizons up to mine buildings. The mine manager decided to stop all fans to prevent the spread of fire.
Rescuers caused by alarm due to malfunctioning respirators for two and a half hours could not go down to the workings. The management had no choice but to restart the fans and resume ventilation. On this day, 268 wounded with signs of carbon monoxide poisoning were recovered from the mine, of which 22 people died. In the next 10 days, only the bodies of the dead were removed from the mine. It turned out that most of the workers died not in the workplace, but in the haulage and ventilation workings. That is, they tried to leave the mine after the explosion and died mainly from carbon monoxide poisoning.