Basics of stripping remains of the soldiers.
Search and establishment of the names of soldiers who died during the Second World War II is conducted according to certain rules. Among them, I especially want to dwell on mopping up the remains of warriors. It is the main operation that under favorable conditions contributes to the accurate identification of the name of a soldier and takes almost whole exhumation time.
I’ll start in order. First, a search is made by a metal detector. Having received a signal from the device about the presence of metal in the ground, we unearth this signal. Basically we find some kind of metal objects. For example, helmets, grenades, rifles, parts from military equipment, etc.
This metal is extracted from the soil, and the soil is again checked for the presence of a signal. If it is not there, the pit is checked for mixed soil and if there are no remains, it is earthed.
Another case – among the metal finds are the remains of fighters, and this metal belongs to the deceased. For example, a helmet or a sapper shovel which gave a signal.
In this case, the excavation site expands in order to find out how the bones themselves lie, and in order to unearth them as accurately as possible. But this does not always easily work out and sometimes the pit turns into a deep foundation pit for the reason that the fighter is not alone.
Take a good example – the fighter is alone and lies straight. An excavation is done with a shovel that does not violate the anatomical position of the bones. The size of the excavacion should be around half a meter broader than the size of found remains. When as much as possible layer of land is removed, the
stripping begins. Slowly, slowly, with a knife, spatula, various brushes all excess earth is removed untill the entire skeleton and objects that are with it are clearly seen.
After this, stripping continues in depth, leaving the soil intact, which will hold some large bones in their original position. Next comes the refinement, the goal of which is to bare the skeleton and personal belongings of the soldier. This is the most important, subtle and prolifty operation. After all, all sorts of mishaps appear here – paper, small garment items with possible data about the warrior. You need to be especially careful while bringing the pockets on the tunic and trousers and fingers so as not to miss small objects.
The last step is to extract the remains on a special banner and photograph them. Further, the remains are put in a bag, and stored in a designated place until the date of burial.