Bayonet cache in the forest: 98/05 ‘Butcher Bayonet’
From the collection of Mr.G
I think every collector wants to have this charismatic bayonet in his collection. With all its appearance, the bayonet causes admiration and fear. Now imagine that you found a cache where there were about 30 of these bayonets !!! My friend was the lucky one who did find such treasure. All bayonets were sheathed. Here is a photo of that find, sorry for the quality, it was a long time ago. My friend presented to me one of those bayonets. We will talk about it today.
German WWI, 98/05 Bayonet
Sword bayonet for use with the 7.92 mm. Mauser Gewehr 98. First pattern example of the M1898/05, known as the a/A (alter Art = older model). The bayonet of the new model was produced since the end of 1915. From September 16, 1915, by order of the Ministry of Defence, the bayonet of the model 1898/1905 was modified by introducing a two-blade combat end, first in infantry and jaeger units, and then in the whole army. After the First World War, the bayonet of the 1898/1905 model continued to be used in the Reichswehr and the police, remaining in service with individual units until the Second World War, despite the fact that since 1923 it had been ordered to replace all bayonets of this model in the troops with bayonets of the 1884 model / 98 (new type).
The first pattern lacked a flashguard and had a vestigial (partial) muzzle ring, often referred to as having “high ears.” These were often ground away, as in the case with this example. The M1898/05 superceded the M1898, whose long, slender blade was prone to breakage. The M1898/05 was the most common German bayonet of the First World War. These are often called “butcher blades,” due to their resemblance to a butcher’s knife of the period.
The bayonet blade is single-blade, with a dale on both sides and an extension in the lower third. The combat end is two-blade. The handle is formed by two wooden cheeks fastened with a shank with two screws. The hole for cleaning the groove in the handle is rectangular (round for bayonets manufactured by the Bavarian state arsenal Amberg), located in the cheeks of the handle, next to the cross. In the head of the handle is a T-slot with a cylindrical extension and a spring latch with an internal arrangement of a spiral spring. Crosspiece with the back bent back. Iron scabbard with hook and ball at the end.
On the heel of the blade is usually the brand of the manufacturer. On the back of the blade there is a stamp with a monogram of the ruler and the year the bayonet was adopted. At the mouth of the scabbard and crosspiece of the bayonet, an account number is occasionally found indicating the military unit to which it was assigned. During World War I, it instilled the application of inspection stamps and the year of production with the monogram of the ruler was often not respected. In the process of manufacturing a bayonet, more than one company could be involved, which led to the fact that on many copies there are two brands of the manufacturer.
Concern Stock, located in a Berlin suburb in Marienfeld, was founded in 1907 by Richard Stock for the production of tools, but ceased its activities in 1974. S98 / 05 together with the warehouse and the mark of this manufacturer never adjoins with additional glues of other manufacturers. Therefore, we can safely assume that during the years 1915-16. stock company produced its bayonets completely independently.
Most of the studied S98 / 05 aA are dated 1915, but four of the discovered specimens have a date of 1916. These bayonets are the only examples of early-type bayonets made by any manufacturer with such a late date. Surely, Stock was aware of the introduction of new standards in the design of bayonets, the more difficult it is to find an explanation for such late production dates on bayonets of an early sample. Perhaps the bayonets were manufactured before September 1915, but were not delivered to the customer until the required quantity was made at the beginning of next year. One bayonet is marked on the guard 4 I.A.III.A.I.2. Nieder schlesisches Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 41, II LAbteilung, Waffe Nr.l. Moreover, one instance of S98 / 05 nA S dated 1915 was discovered, but it is most likely that this bayonet was manufactured as aA S and later was modified in accordance with nA standards.
Several very rare S98 / 05 nA and nA S dated 1916 were noted, but no later dating examples were found, suggesting that production was curtailed in the same year. Presumably, Stock switched to the production of other items of military equipment.
As soon as I will have more time, I will complete the restoration and will please you with new photos!