Bayonets of the sample 1898/1905 to the Mauser Gewehr 98 rifles

The Mauser Gewehr 98 rifle was approached by bayonets of several kinds. One of them was a modified bayonet of the sample of 1898/1905. The whole point of this modification was that the bayonet blade was shortened from 52 to 37 centimeters. And although it was still problematic to fight with such a bayonet in the tightness of the trench, this modification took root in the troops. A special version of this bayonet was produced for sapper units and units of the railway troops. It differed from its main specimen by the presence of a serreytore notch-“saw” on the back of the blade. The sapper bayonet was also used in infantry, where its number was about six percent of all the bayonets in the army. In the infantry, this bayonet usually went to non-commissioned officers.


Special version of the bayonet with the notches “saw” on the back of the blade.

The blade of the bayonet is straight, with one-sided sharpening, on both sides is located in a narrow valley, a third of the blade is closer to the tip expanded and was double-edged. The handle is assembled from two wooden plates, screwed to the tail of the blade with two screws. In the left overlay on the handle, closer to the crosspiece, there is a channel for cleaning a groove in the shape of the letter “T” located at the end of the top of the handle. The coil spring of the latch is located outside. The scabbard was sewn from leather or cast from iron. The bayonet was manufactured up to the positional crisis of 1915, from this moment a new model of the bayonet of the model 1898/1905 was launched into production.

The new model received a shortened cross-piece, and its handle back was protected by an iron plate, which allowed the bayonet to adjoin the carbines based on the Mauser rifle. In September 1915, the edge of the blade began to be sharpened on two sides right at the factory. After the collapse of the German Empire, the bayonet remained in service with the Reichswehr and the German police, and then some parts of the Wehrmacht, despite the order to replace them with shorter bayonets of the 1884/1898 model. In addition to Germany, the bayonets of 1898/1905 were part of the Turkish armies (having got there in 1915 complete with Gewehr 98), as well as Yugoslavia, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Belgium.

Read: Finnish crosses of Mannerheim. From personal collection!


Bayonet sample 1898/1905 to the rifle Mauser 1898.

A sapper version of this bayonet with a sawtooth notch on the back of the blade was also produced. However, in 1917, the Entente propaganda declared such bayonets to be cruel weapons that violate the rules of war. The German soldiers, who had a good idea of ​​what would happen if they were captured with such weapons, hurriedly began to grind the notches from their bayonets. Bayonets with saws began to be sent to training and garrison units, the police and occupation forces, and they remained with sappers and rear officers. Since 1918, arsenals and regimental workshops begin to remove saws from weapons remaining in the troops. If the old bayonet was redone, then the protection was put on the back of the handle, and the crosspiece was shortened for use with the Mauser 98 K.



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