German offensive on Moscow. (+8 Photo in color)
The forward units of the 11th Panzer Division of the Wehrmacht near Volokolamsk. Winter attack on Moscow. These war color photos were taken one hundred kilometers from the capital of Russia – Moscow. December 1941. Photographer Arthur Grimm.
Winter attack on Moscow. Photo in color
The Battle of Moscow includes two periods: defensive – from September 30 to December 5, 1941, and offensive, which consists of 2 stages: the counteroffensive – from December 6, 1941 to January 7, 1942, and the general offensive of the Soviet troops – from January 8 to April 20, 1942.
Initially, Adolf Hitler envisioned the capture of Moscow during the first three or four months of the war. However, despite the successes of the Wehrmacht in the first months of the war, the increased resistance of the Soviet troops prevented its implementation. In particular, the battle for Smolensk (July 10 – September 10, 1941) delayed the German offensive on Moscow by 2 months.
The battles for Kiev and Leningrad also pulled back some of the Wehrmacht forces intended to attack Moscow. Thus, the German offensive against Moscow began only on September 30. The purpose of the offensive was to capture Moscow before the onset of cold weather. The Wehrmacht did not succeed. Chronicle of one of the episodes of this battle is in color photos below.