Hermann Höfke photos from occupied Kharkov in 1942 part 1
Occupied Kharkov in the summer of 1942 in color photographs of German photographer Hermann Höfke.
October 25, 1941 Kharkov completely came under the control of German troops. The city impressed Germans by its size and squares and streets, high-rise buildings. They did not expect to see a huge metropolis, which means an object with a lot of problems for its maintenance. The intelligence network transmitted to the German command information of special importance about plants, factories, the state of the railway network, mining of facilities, and mood in society. Urban issues were not covered in such reports.
The Germans needed Kharkov as a large railway junction and industrial center. None of the German command was prepared for the fact that the city would be completely paralyzed, and would have to invest huge resources in its return to life.
Destruction in the city of Kharkov from the bombing
View of the Astoria Hotel on Pavlovskaya Square in occupied Kharkov. In 1943, as a result of the bombing, the hotel was partially damaged and will be completely restored after the war.
Children examine the wrecked German tanks assembled on the Railway Station Square (from the side of the main post office) of occupied Kharkov. In the foreground is the commander’s version of the Pz.Kpfw. III tank.
Occupied Kharkov, Freedom Square. German cars in front of the Kharkov Hotel.
M.S. Tevelev Square in occupied Kharkov (currently – Constitution Square). On the left is the building of the Krasnaya Hotel, badly damaged during the occupation, demolished after the war. The picture was taken from the roof of the Palace of Pioneers (former Noble Assembly), which was also destroyed during the occupation; now in its place is a monument in honor of the proclamation of Soviet power in Ukraine.
Tevelev Square in occupied Kharkov (currently – Constitution Square). View of the building of the Noble Assembly (1820, architect V. Lobachevsky). Behind it is visible the Assumption Cathedral.
Local residents of Kharkov during the occupation
Citizens at the Annunciation market in Kharkov occupied by German troops. In the foreground, artisan shoemakers repairing shoes.