Hitler’s artillery giants
After World War I, the manufacture of German large-caliber weapons was limited by the Treaty of Versailles. In such conditions, it was indicated that Germany could not have weapons with a caliber higher than 150 mm. Naturally, the Nazis considered it a matter of honor and pride to make a cannon, which is several times larger than was allowed.
In 1936, Hitler visited ”The Krupp” factory and gave the order to create a powerful weapon capable of destroying the border forts of Belgium and France. The development of the gun was undertaken by the Krupp design department, headed by E. Müller. In 1937, the design phase was completed. Then an order was received for the manufacture of weapons.
The new gun was ready by 1941 and was named “Dora” – in honor of Mueller’s wife. The second gun was named “Fat Gustav” – in honor of the head of the company Gustav von Bohlen.
In the same year they were tested.
In battle these hulks were much worse than the generals of the German army had expected. When capturing Sevastopol, about 48 shots were fired. And only one inflicted significant damage, hitting a warehouse with ammunition.
In 1945, soldiers of the Allied army stumbled upon what remained of the Dora and Gustav after the explosion. And so the story of these terrifying, but not very effective in practice guns ended.