Kyiv in the eyes of the German soldier. Occupation of the capital of Ukraine in photos

Kyiv in the eyes of the German soldier. Occupation of the capital of Ukraine in photos

On the night of September 19, 1941 the Red Army left Kiev, parts of the Wehrmacht entered the city. The Kiev defensive operation ended in complete defeat – more than 600 thousand Red Army soldiers were captured, died or disappeared. The Germans lost up to 128 thousand people.

Explosions boomed on the streets for another week. There is no consensus on who continued to destroy the city. The Germans claimed that they were Soviet saboteurs, the “Soviets” accused the Germans. There is a version that both were guilty.
Having gained a foothold in Kiev, the Germans first of all restored bridges, electrical communications and part of strategic enterprises for their own needs. But ordinary citizens for the next two years had to live among the ruins and under the strict supervision of German officers. To understand what kind of life it was, relicsww2 turned to the German Federal Archives for photos.
All these photos were taken by German soldiers, officers and war correspondents.

A walk through occupied Kiev 1941-1942 begins.

 

 

wehrmacht tanks

Wehrmacht tanks in Kiev, September 19, 1941. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-L20213 / Photo: Reindl

Kiev, nazi soldier

German watch post. In the background the Kiev Pechersk Lavra and the burning bridge over the Dnieper River, September 19, 1941. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-L20208 / photo: Schmidt

Kiev in ruins

Kiev after the capture of the Wehrmacht. Before the retreat, the Bolsheviks set fire and blew up several houses. September 20, 1941. Source: Bild 183-H26737 / photo: o.Ang.

Kiev street

The Bolsheviks wanted to defend the capital of Ukraine, Kiev, to their last home. Everywhere on the streets, Wehrmacht soldiers found barricades. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-L20206 / photo: Reindl

Streets of Kiev

The meaningless destruction of the streets of Kiev by the Bolsheviks, September 19, 1941. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B13121 / Photo: Heinz Mittelstaedt

Kiev 1941

Before the retreat, the Bolsheviks set fire to the hall of the main railway station in Kiev, September 1941. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B15466 / Photo: Heinz Mittelstaedt

Kiev in fire

Large-scale fire on the main street of Kiev. The reason is the demolition of buildings by the Bolsheviks. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B12190 / Photo: Kraagranger [Kraayvanger]

The capture of Kiev by the Wehrmacht.

The capture of Kiev by the Wehrmacht. German artillery took height, September 1941. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-L29208 / Photo: Schmidt

Dniepr 1941

German soldiers cross the Dnieper. In the background is the Lavra Monastery. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B11425 / Photo: Reind

German troops on the streets of Kiev

German troops on the streets of Kiev, September 1941. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-B13438 / Photo: Reindl

railway station in Kiev 1941

This is what the railway station in Kiev looks like when it was taken by German troops, on October 16, 1941, Scherl (German newsreel). Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-2011-0617-501 / Photo: o.Ang.

Destroyed Kiev 1941

What the Bolsheviks did with beautiful Kiev. Entire neighborhoods were destroyed on September 20, 1941. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-L20332 / Photo: Funck

street of Kiev 1941

After the capture of the city, the roads are guarded by German soldiers. The local population is watching with interest, September 1941. Source: Bundesarchive, Bild 183-B13179

Road to Germany, Kiev 1942

Ostarbeiters are sent to Germany, Kiev, 1942. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-R70660 / Photo: o.Ang

Ruined Assumption Cathedral

Ruined by Soviets Assumption Cathedral in the Lavra, Kiev, 1942. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1985-093-29A / Photo: Kress

Butchers with German officer

Fresh meat for daily supply to the police, Kiev, December 1942. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 121-1493 / Photo: Scherer

Nazi women

Assistants to the Commander of the Order Police in the Reich Commissariat make purchases in Kiev, 1942. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1993-022-29A / Photo: o.Ang.

Ukrainian women

Ukrainian policeman next to two Ukrainians in folk costumes, Kiev, December, 1942. Source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-2000-034-18 / Photo: Scherer

Read: Holocaust General. The grave of Hitler’s “butcher” was opened in Berlin

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