Medal “For Courage” (USSR)
The Medal “For Courage” is one of the first and in its status the highest medal in the award system of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, awarded for personal courage and courage in the fight against the enemy.
The medal was established by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated October 17, 1938. Subsequently, the description of the medal and the Regulation on the medal were amended by decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of June 19, 1943. The first awards took place before the start of World War II, for heroic actions during the events near Lake Khasan.
Prior to the outbreak of World War II, the Medal of Courage was awarded to approximately 26,000 citizens. During the Second World War, more than 4,230,000 citizens received the medal “For Courage”. Many citizens were repeatedly awarded the medal “For Courage”, there are cases of five awards of one person with this award (Stepan Mikhailovich Zolnikov, Pavel Fedorovich Gribkov, Vara Sergeevna Ippolitova).
Since the medal was awarded for personal feat, it was awarded mainly to the privates and sergeants, less often to junior officers. Senior officers and generals were practically not awarded the medal For Courage.
The author of the drawing on the medal is the artist S.I.Dmitriev.
The Medal For Courage has the shape of a regular circle with a diameter of 37 mm.
On the obverse of the medal, in the upper part, there are three I-16 planes flying one after another in the direction to the left upwards. Below the planes is the inscription “For Courage” in two lines, under which a tank Т-35 is depicted.
At the bottom of the medal is the inscription “USSR”.
All images on the medal are in relief, inscriptions are depressed, covered with ruby-red enamel. Deepening of the letters of the inscriptions is 1 mm. The obverse of the medal is bordered by a rim.
The medal is made of 925 sterling silver. The total weight of silver in the medal is 25.802g.
The medal is connected with a gray pentagonal silk moire ribbon with two longitudinal blue stripes along the edges.
It should be noted that until 1947 a serial number was applied to the medal. However, from January 1947, the medal was produced without a number, although previously produced numbered copies continued to be awarded for some time.
In the post-war years, the medal “For Courage” was awarded much less frequently, since the Soviet Union was officially not at war. However, in 1956, a large group of soldiers were awarded for having distinguished themselves in suppressing the “counter-revolutionary rebellion” in Hungary. So, only in one 7th Guards Airborne Division, 296 people were awarded this medal.
The second mass awarding of this honorary medal falls on the period of military operations of the Soviet Army in Afghanistan. Thousands of soldiers and officers who took part in the war became holders of various military awards, including the medals “For Courage”.
Read: Order of the Red Star