Military uniform of soldiers and officers of the World War II. Part 1

Military uniform of soldiers and officers of the World War II. Part 1

Let’s take a look at some of the most interesting aspects of WWII history, one that is often overlooked: uniforms from all over the world.

German corporal uniform (non-commissioned officer), 1939-1940

Non-commissioned officer (from German Unteroffizier – category of junior officers) – lower ranks (position – rank) and category of junior command and command staff in the armed forces of different states and countries, conditionally corresponding to sergeant-senior staff in the Soviet, and then and in the Russian Armed Forces.

In military jargon – Unter. Slavic name Podofitser. In the Russian Empire, non-commissioned officers (in artillery – fireworks, in the Cossack troops – conscripts and so on by arms) were the top of the two (lower – rank and file) ranks of the lower ranks – the first (lower) degree of military ranks . The name “Non-commissioned officer” comes from the armies of the Landsknechts of the 16th-17th centuries, when there was no class demarcation between the soldiers and officers. At that time, every commander was called an officer, and non-commissioned officers were opposed to chief officers (literally “senior officers”), which in modern terminology are referred to as junior officers.

Let’s look at the soldier’s equipment in detail.

German corporal uniform (non-commissioned officer), 1939-1940

German corporal uniform (non-commissioned officer), 1939-1940

01 – M-35 field jacket with the emblem of non-commissioned officer 02 – M-35 steel helmet with Heeres marking 03 – Zeltbahn M-31 camouflage tent “Splittermuster” 04 – gray (“Steingrau”) trousers 05 – leather belt 06 – bags filters for gas mask 07 – M-38 gas mask 08 – M-24 grenade 09 – black leather pouch 10 – M-31 aluminum bowler 11 – boots 12 – 7, 92 mm Mauser 98k 13 – Seitengewehr 84/98 bayonet 14 – sapper shovel.

Lieutenant 82nd Airborne Division uniform, 1943

Matthew Ridgway with his people near Ribera in Sicily July 25, 1943

Matthew Ridgway with his people near Ribera in Sicily July 25, 1943

A lieutenant is the second junior-most or in some cases the junior-most commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police, and other organizations of many nations.

The meaning of lieutenant differs in different militaries (see comparative military ranks), but is often subdivided into senior (first lieutenant) and junior (second lieutenant and even third lieutenant) ranks. In navies it is often equivalent to the army rank of captain; it may also indicate a particular post rather than a rank. The rank is also used in fire services, emergency medical services, security services and police forces.

 

Lieutenant uniform of 82nd Airborne Division

Lieutenant uniform of 82nd Airborne Division 1943

01 – M2 helmet with camouflage net 02 – M1942 jacket 03 – M1942 pants 04 – M1934 wool shirt 05 – boots 06 – M1936 Unloading belt with M1916 holster for Colt M1911 and gun 07 – M1936 straps 08 – Carbine M1A1 09 – M2A1 gas mask 10 – M1910 folding shovel 11 – M1942 bowler 12 – M1910 bag 13 – tokens 14 – M1918 Mk I knife 15 – M1936 backpack.

Hauptmann Luftwaffe uniform, 1944

Luftwaffe pilots.

Luftwaffe pilots.

Hauptmann (German: Hauptmann) – the military rank of junior officer in the German Armed Forces (German imperial army, Reichswehr, Wehrmacht, NNA, Bundeswehr), Austria, Switzerland, Denmark, Norway, as well as in the army of Austria-Hungary.

The title of Hauptmann (Hauptsturmfuhrer) corresponds to the captain’s rank.

Luftwaffe Hauptmann's uniform

Luftwaffe Hauptmann’s uniform, 1944

01 – LCP N101 Headphones 02 – Nitsche & Gunther Fl. 30550 glasses 03 – Drager model 10-69 oxygen mask 04 – Hankart 05 – AK 39Fl. compass 06 – 25 mm Walther Flarepistol M-43 with ammunition on the belt 07 – holster 08 – FW-190 parachute 09 – aircraft boots 10 – M-37 Luftwaffe breeches 11 – Luftwaffe leather jacket with the logo of the Hauptmann and Luftwaffe armband.

Uniform of Private ROA (Vlasov Army), 1942-45

General Vlasov with his army.

General Vlasov with his army.

The Russian Liberation Army (ROA) is the name of the armed formation of the Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia, as well as the totality of the majority of Russian anti-Soviet units and units from Russian collaborators in the Wehrmacht in 1942-1944, mainly used at the level of individual battalions and companies, and formed by various German military structures during the Second World War. The army was commanded by A.A. Vlasov. Since September 16, 1944, after the meeting between Vlasov and Himmler, with the approval of the German side, the ROA began to be positioned as the main driving force of the Russian liberation movement, aimed at overthrowing the Soviet power and restoring the “national Russian state”. On January 28, 1945, the ROA received the legal status of the armed forces of the Allied Power of the Third Reich and its command unilaterally declared neutrality towards the United States and Great Britain.

Uniform of Private ROA (Vlasov Army), 1942-45

Uniform of Private ROA (Vlasov Army), 1942-45.

01 – Dutch field jacket with ROA on buttonholes and shoulder straps, Heeres an eagle on his right chest 02 – M-40 pants 03 – locket 04 – M-34 cap with ROA 05 – boots 06 – M-42 gaiters 07 – Grman unloading belt with pouches 08 – M-24 grenade 09 – M-31 bowler 10 – Bayonet 11 – M-39 webbing 12 – M-35 helmet with camouflage net 13 – “New Life” magazine for the “eastern” volunteers 14 – 7.62 mm Mosin 1891 / 30 g.

US ArmyInfantryman Uniform 1942-1945

The Infantry Branch (also known as the “Queen of the Battle”) is a branch of the United States Army first established in 1775.

US Army Footman Uniform 1942-1945

US Army Footman Uniform 1942-1945.

01 – M1 helmet 02 – M1934 shirt 03 – M1934 sweatshirt 04 – M1941 pants 05 – boots 06 – M1938 leggings 07 – M1926 lifebuoy 08 – M1937 ammunition belt 09 – M1924 personal care products 10 – M1910 bowler hat 11 – gas mask 12 – M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle with M1907 belt 13 – patches 14, 15 – manuals 16 – sleeve badges: A – 1st Armored B – 2nd C – 3rd Infantry E – 34th F – 1st Inf.

Kriegsmarine Sailor Uniform, 1943

Kriegsmarine sailors at a fish market in occupied Copenhagen

Kriegsmarine sailors at a fish market in occupied Copenhagen.

Kriegsmarine (German: Kriegsmarine – navy) – the official name of the German Navy in the era of the Third Reich.
On May 21, 1935, this name was given to the former Reichsmarines (Reichsmarine – Reich fleet), so called since the times of the Weimar Republic.
After World War II, the West German fleet was named the Bundesmarine (Bundesmarine – the federal fleet), the East German fleet – the Volksmarine (Volksmarine – the national fleet).

 

Kriegsmarine Matrosengefreiter, 1943

Kriegsmarine Matrosengefreiter, 1943.

01 – naval jacket, Iron Cross 2 degrees, veteran crew badge on the left side of the chest, Matrosengefreiter insignia 02 – Kriegsmarine cap 03 – naval pea jacket 04 – “deck” trousers 05 – “Signal” magazine, July 1943 06 – tobacco 07 – cigarette paper 08 – Hygenischer Gummischutz-Dublosan 09 – boots.

This concludes the first part. If you want to read the second part, write comments!

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    Ss uniform pleasee…

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