Part 2 of my large collection of orders and medals of the USSR (2020)
Hello my friends, today I will show you another small part of my collection of Soviet orders and medals/badges. This exposition contains some of the rarest and most beautiful orders of my collection.
Many of these orders have been in my collection for more than 15 years (for example, the Order of Alexander Nevsky). Some of these orders have already been described in detail in the articles on our website, and you can get to these articles by clicking on the name of the Order.
Order of the Partisan Star (Yugoslavia) 3 and 2 degrees
The order was established by order of Josip Broz Tito, the supreme commander of the People’s Liberation Army and the Partisan detachments of Yugoslavia on August 15, 1943.
The Order of the Partisan Star (Orden Partizanske zvijezde) is a military award of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, one of the first military awards. It was handed over to the participants of the People’s Liberation War of Yugoslavia for the courage and skillful command of the troops shown in the battles.
Depending on the type of personal qualities shown, the cavalier was awarded various orders: for example, the first degree order was awarded initially for skillful command and outstanding merit in the fight, the second degree order – for the bravery and heroism of a warrior, and the third degree order/badge – for courage and self-sacrifice in the fight. The authors of the appearance of the order were the artist George Andreevich-Kun and the sculptor Antun Augustinich.
Awarding was held starting on September 7, 1944; in 1980, the last award was made with the Order of the Golden Wreath (total 627 citizens of Yugoslavia), in 1972 – the Order with the silver wreath (1531 people), in 1973 – the Order with the guns (total 10 384 gentlemen).
The Order of the Red Star (Russian: Орден Краснoй Звезды) was a military decoration of the Soviet Union. It was established by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 6 April 1930 but its statute was only defined in decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 5 May 1930.
A separate large article, fully describing another similar Order of the Red Star, has already been published on our website (you can get to it by clicking on the name of the order)
Badge “To a participant in the battles of Khalkhin Gol”
The sign “To the participant of the battles at Khalkhin-Gol” was established by the Decree of the Great People’s Khural of the MPR on August 16, 1940. The date on the sign “August 1939” means a decisive moment in the military confrontation.
The fighting on Khalkhin Gol is an undeclared local armed conflict, which lasted from spring to autumn 1939 near the Khalkhin Gol river in Mongolia (about 900 km east of Ulan Bator) near the border of Manzhou with the MPR. The final battle took place in late August and ended in the complete defeat of the 23rd Infantry Division of the 6th Separate Army of Japan. A truce between the USSR and Japan was concluded on September 15, 1939.
The sign is a circle covered with blue enamel, on which a silver horseman was depicted with a saber in his hand. The sign was made at the mint, but the signs made by the artisanal method in the workshops of Mongolia are also known. A red banner with the Cyrillic or Latin inscription “August 1939” (“Avgust 1939”) flutters above the rider, and the inscription “HALHINGOL” is made in Latin letters on the red ribbon below.
The badges “To the participant in the battles at Khalkhin-Gol” were handed only to those servicemen of the Red Army who, after the end of the events, continued to serve in the Trans-Baikal Military District. Those of them who, after the end of hostilities, departed to permanent duty stations, as was the case, for example, with pilots of the 1st heavy bomber aviation regiment, were left without deserved awards. The outbreak of World War II did not allow to complete the process of rewarding all participants in the events. By decree of the Presidium of the Great People’s Khural No. 181 of December 29, 1966, the medal status was given to the sign “Participant in the battles at Khalkhin-Gol”.
The Order of the Red Banner (Order of the Red Banner) is one of the highest orders of the USSR. The first Soviet order. It was established for rewarding for special courage and dedication shown in the defense of the socialist Fatherland. The Order of the Red Banner was also awarded to military units, warships, state and public organizations.
A separate large article, fully describing another similar Order of the Red Banner, has already been published on our website (you can get to it by clicking on the name of the order)
Badge “To the participant of Hasan battles”
The badge “To the participant of the Hasan battles” was established by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR “On perpetuating the memory of the heroes of Khasan” of June 5, 1939.
Hasan battles – a series of clashes in 1938 between the Japanese Imperial Army and the Red Army due to Japan challenging the ownership of the territory near Lake Hassan and the Tuman River. In Japan, these events were called the “Zhanggufeng High Altitude Incident”
According to the Regulation, the “Member of the Khasan battles” sign was awarded to:
- persons of the rank-and-file, command, and commanding staff of the Workers ‘and Peasants’ Red Army, Navy, border guard troops who were directly involved in the Khasan battles;
- military personnel of headquarters and rear institutions, as well as family members of command and command staff, collective farmers, merchant fleet employees and others who were in the combat area and who were directly involved in the support of combat operations of the 1st Separate Red Banner Army or served the wounded from July 29 on August 11, 1938.
The sign has an oval sculptural shape. In the center of the badge is a figure of a fighter with a rifle at the banner standing on top of the hill Zaozernaya and throwing a grenade with his right hand. On the red enamel banner at the top of the badge is a five-pointed star. The sign ends with the embossed inscription “Hassan”, a red enamel ribbon with a gold outline with the date on it “6 VIII-1938”. The sides of the sign are framed with an ornament: the left is made of oak leaves, and the right is made of laurel.
The sign is gilded and made of non-ferrous metal.
The size of the mark is 38 mm in height and 27 mm across, on the back of the mark there is a pin with a nut, with which the mark is attached to clothing.
The Order of Alexander Nevsky is a Soviet award from the Great Patriotic War. It was established by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 29, 1942 simultaneously with the Orders of Suvorov and Kutuzov to reward the commanding staff of the Red Army for outstanding services in organizing and directing military operations and for the successes achieved in the battles for the Motherland achieved as a result of these operations.
A separate large article, fully describing another similar Order of Alexander Nevsky, has already been published on our website (you can get to it by clicking on the name of the order)