Shortly about “Night of Long Knives”

Shortly about “Night of Long Knives”

Night of the Long Knives” (German: Nacht der langen Messer) is a large-scale bloody massacre of Adolf Hitler and his entourage over objectionable party leaders in Germany, which occurred on June 30, 1934. In particular, during this operation, Hitler’s supporters destroyed prominent members of the National Socialist Party – the leadership of the assault squads (SA – Sturmabteilung), accused of “conspiracy against Germany.” The night of long knives became the final stage of the struggle for power within the Nazi ranks.

“Night of Long Knives” ww2 history

“Night of Long Knives” ww2 history

After Hitler became the head of the National Socialist Workers Party of Germany (NSDAP) in 1921, on his behalf, the Assault detachment (SA) was formed from among the most physically strong party members. In 1931, it was headed by Ernst Rem, who immediately rebuilt the SA into a clearer militarized structure and increased the number of “fighters” to 400 thousand people. And after the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, the number of SA reached 2 million people. They “brought” Hitler to power.

However, by the summer of 1934 there was a split in the NSDAP – Adolf Hitler faced serious opposition in the ranks of his party and, first of all, from Rem, who represented the left wing of the party, calling for a new revolution in the country. Among stormtroopers, an opinion about Hitler’s betrayal became more and more widespread, and Rem’s popularity grew. What could not but bother the Führer. The influence of Goering and Himmler (the leaders of the “new power” – the SS and Gestapo detachments), who joined forces to discredit Rem in the eyes of Hitler, accused him of conspiracy and the desire for a coup, also affected it. Moreover, Rem did not hide the fact that he wanted to put the Wehrmacht under his command …

“Night of Long Knives” ww2 history

“Night of Long Knives” ww2 history

Hitler declared the massacre a campaign for “decency” and “moral purity.” And as a result of the “Night of the Long Knives” – a sharp increase in the political role of the SS and the Gestapo, and the role of the SA units was practically reduced to zero. Their numbers declined sharply, and their functions became secondary (such as the protection of concentration camps). Hitler himself after the “Night of the Long Knives” finally took power into his own hands…

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