Shortly about the murder of Franz Ferdinand and beginning of World War I
June 28 1914 – An attempt on the life of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was made, which became the reason for the outbreak of the First World War
On June 28, 1914, the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Sarajevo (Bosnia). The attempt on the life of Archduke was carried out by the conspiratorial group Young Bosnia (Mlada Bosna), led by Gavrila Princip and Danil Ilic. And this crime served as a direct reason for the outbreak of the First World War.
After the murder of Ferdinand, “Young Bosnia” was banned. Ilic and two other participants in the attempt were executed. Gavrila Princip was convicted as a minor and was sentenced for 20 years of hard labor. He died of tuberculosis in prison. Other members of the organization were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment.
On July 23, Austria-Hungary presented an ultimatum to Serbia, which contained demands that violated its sovereignty. It was going to send troops into Serbia to protect Austrian citizens who were there, also it demanded the admission of the investigators from Vienna to investigate the killing of Franz Ferdinand.
Serbia accepted the main points of the ultimatum, but on July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on it. Thus, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was the occasion for the outbreak of the First World War, in which 38 independent states were involved. About 74 million people were mobilized, 10 million of them were killed and died of wounds.