United Nations Korea Medal & Korean Service Medal
Hi experts, today I will show you the next two US Army medals/badges related to the war in Korea (personal collection).
I think it’s worth starting with the fact that the Korean War is a conflict between the DPRK and the Republic of Korea, which lasted from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953 (although there was no official end of the war). Often, this Cold War conflict is seen as an indirect war between the United States and its allies and the forces of the PRC and the USSR.
The northern coalition included: North Korea and its armed forces; the Chinese army (since it was officially believed that the PRC was not involved in the conflict, regular Chinese troops were formally considered formations of the so-called “Chinese people’s volunteers”); The USSR, which also did not officially participate in the war, but in many ways took upon itself its financing, as well as the supply of Chinese troops. Numerous military advisers and specialists were recalled from the DPRK before the war, and during the war they were sent back under the guise of TASS correspondents. On the part of the Republic of Korea: the USA, Great Britain, Australia, and a number of other countries in the UN peacekeeping forces took part in the war.
United Nations Korea Medal
The United Nations Service Medal/badge for Korea (UNKM) is an international award established by the United Nations on December 12, 1952 as a medal for the United Nations Service. The award was the first international award created by the United Nations and serves as a sign of recognition of multinational participation forces in the Korean war.
The UN Service Medal (Korea) was awarded to all allied forces in South Korea who participated in South Korea’s defense against [aggression of] North Korea from June 27, 1950 to June 27, 1954. Dutch soldiers were awarded with a service medal until January 1, 1955, and soldiers from Sweden and Thailand until July 27, 1955.
The highest authority in relation to the medal is the Commander-in-Chief of the UN military in Korea. Most countries considered this medal to be awarded automatically when awarded other medals for service in Korea, and in most cases awarded the medal without requesting permission through UN channels. For example, any employee of the US Armed Forces awarded with the American medal “For Service in Korea” was automatically awarded with the medal “For Service of the United Nations.”
Description of the medal
The medal is a circle with a diameter of 36 mm from an alloy of bronze. On the front side is the UN World-in-a Wreath emblem.
On the back there is the inscription FOR SERVICE IN DEFENSE OF THE PRINCIPLES OF THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS. For each country that participated in the Korean War under the auspices of the UN, the inscription can be made in another language.
The medal is attached to the ribbon through a special pendant, on which the inscription “Korea” in the same language as the inscription on the back is embossed.
On November 22, 1961, the UN officially changed the name of the medal from “United Nations Service Medal” to “United Nations Service Medal Korea”. But the United States continues to use the old name of the medal to emphasize the connection of this medal with previous military affairs.
Korean Service Medal
The Medal For Service in Korea is an American military award created in November 1950 by order (badge) of President Harry Truman. It is the main American award for participating in the Korean War, it is awarded to all American employees who performed duties in the Republic of Korea from June 27, 1950 to July 27, 1954.
The US Department of Defense has recognized 13 official campaigns of the Korean War, each of which is commented on by service stars for the “For Service in Korea” medal. Some campaigns cover all branches of the US armed forces, while others apply only to individual branches of the armed forces.
Along with the medal “For Service in Korea” the medal “For UN Service in Korea” is usually issued. There is also a similar South Korean medal For Service in Korea, which is awarded to all US military personnel who received the American Medal For Service in Korea. Also retroactively awarded the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation badge to all American veterans who participated in the Korean War.
Description of the medal
The 1-1 / 4-inch diameter bronze medal depicts a Korean gate surrounded by the inscription “KOREAN SERVICE”
The symbol depicted in the center of the flag of the Republic of Korea with the inscription “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” is embossed on the reverse side, oak and laurel leaves frame the picture.
The first award took place on June 27, 1950. Although the hostilities in Korea ended with the signing of the armistice of July 27, 1953, the medal “For Service in Korea” was awarded until June 27, 1954 due to the tense nature of the occupation and garrison service immediately after the armistice, as well as with a high probability of new attacks by North Korea. After 1954, the medal “For Service in Korea” was no longer awarded.
Read: Eastern Front Medal