World War II Victory Medal

World War II Victory Medal

World War II Victory Medal

 – was established by the Congress Act on July 6, 1945. Its the design was approved by the Minister of War on February 5, 1946. All United States military personnel on active duty from December 7, 1941 to December 31, 1946 were awarded.

The Second World War was coming to an end and on July 6, 1945, the US Congress issued a decree on the development of the medal “For Victory in the Second World War” for all military personnel. The sketch prepared by Thomas Johnson was approved on February 5, 1946.

The appearance of the award echoes the traditional American symbols used by propagandists earlier in the Wars of Independence and in the First World War. The design of the award largely copied the Victory Medal in World War I. On the front side is a statue of a woman – the figure of Liberation, who turned her head to the right, to the dawn of a new day. Her right leg rests on a helmet, in her right hand she holds the hilt of a broken sword, and in her left – its blade. On the reverse of the medal, “Four Freedoms” from the famous speech “The 1941 State of the Union address” given by US President Franklin Roosevelt before Congress on January 6, 1941 are embossed.

These freedoms are: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want and freedom from fear.

Unlike the awards of many other countries for World War II, the United States did not have any minimum service life for receiving the Victory Medal in World War II.

World War II Victory Medal

World War II Victory Medal (obverse). Photo by Apolon.

World War II Victory Medal

World War II Victory Medal (reverse). Photo by Apolon.

The Victory Medal in World War II was awarded to all military personnel of the United States (including the Naval Forces and the Marine Corps) who were on active duty from December 7, 1941 to December 31, 1946. Congress also authorized the rewarding of members of the Armed Forces of the Philippine Islands Government.

The Victory Medal in World War II is worn on a ribbon on the left side of the chest in a group with other awards (located after the campaign medals of the Second World War and before the Occupation Medal (Army, Navy or Marine Corps)).

Read1939 Iron Cross

World War II Victory Medal

Obverse. In the rays of the rising sun, a female figure in antique robes, standing at full height with her head turned left, with her right foot resting on a Roman military helmet, holding in her hands fragments of a sword broken in half; horizontal inscription: on the left – WORLD, on the right – WAR II (World War II). Photo by Apolon.

World War II Victory Medal

Reverse. In the middle of the inscription: FREEDOM FROM FEAR AND WANT and FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND RELIGION, separated by a palm branch; around the inscription: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1914 1945 , inscription words and date numbers are separated by stylized images of musket bullets. Photo by Apolon.

World War II Victory Medal

The ribbon is 3,492 cm wide and consists of the following color strips: 0,492 cm – the colors of the rainbow; 0.07938 cm white; 0.5625 cm red; 0.07938 cm white; 0.492 cm – the colors of the rainbow. The rainbow on each side of the ribbon is a miniature of the pattern used in the Victory Medals in World War I. A barrette. No additional slats or emblems for attaching to the ribbon of this medal have been established. Photo by Apolon.

The production of a medal began in 1946. But the number of awarded was very much therefore the medal continued to be issued in 1947. Medals issued in 1947 were slightly different in attaching pins to the ribbon. In the 1946 medal, the barrette was sewn in, and since 1947, the barrette became larger in size and the ribbon passed through it in two places (the so-called corrugated brooch). The next major issue of the Victory Medal in World War II occurred in the 70s of the twentieth century. Medals of this issue have slight differences in the picture, for example, unprocessed sun rays on the obverse. The eye of the ribbon ring is also very different.

American Veteran with medal

American Veteran with World War II Victory Medal.

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