World War II Victory Medal
World War II Victory Medal
– was established by the Congress Act on July 6, 1945. Its the design was approved by the Minister of War on February 5, 1946. All United States military personnel on active duty from December 7, 1941 to December 31, 1946 were awarded.
The Second World War was coming to an end and on July 6, 1945, the US Congress issued a decree on the development of the medal “For Victory in the Second World War” for all military personnel. The sketch prepared by Thomas Johnson was approved on February 5, 1946.
The appearance of the award echoes the traditional American symbols used by propagandists earlier in the Wars of Independence and in the First World War. The design of the award largely copied the Victory Medal in World War I. On the front side is a statue of a woman – the figure of Liberation, who turned her head to the right, to the dawn of a new day. Her right leg rests on a helmet, in her right hand she holds the hilt of a broken sword, and in her left – its blade. On the reverse of the medal, “Four Freedoms” from the famous speech “The 1941 State of the Union address” given by US President Franklin Roosevelt before Congress on January 6, 1941 are embossed.
These freedoms are: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want and freedom from fear.
Unlike the awards of many other countries for World War II, the United States did not have any minimum service life for receiving the Victory Medal in World War II.
The Victory Medal in World War II was awarded to all military personnel of the United States (including the Naval Forces and the Marine Corps) who were on active duty from December 7, 1941 to December 31, 1946. Congress also authorized the rewarding of members of the Armed Forces of the Philippine Islands Government.
The Victory Medal in World War II is worn on a ribbon on the left side of the chest in a group with other awards (located after the campaign medals of the Second World War and before the Occupation Medal (Army, Navy or Marine Corps)).
Read: 1939 Iron Cross
The production of a medal began in 1946. But the number of awarded was very much therefore the medal continued to be issued in 1947. Medals issued in 1947 were slightly different in attaching pins to the ribbon. In the 1946 medal, the barrette was sewn in, and since 1947, the barrette became larger in size and the ribbon passed through it in two places (the so-called corrugated brooch). The next major issue of the Victory Medal in World War II occurred in the 70s of the twentieth century. Medals of this issue have slight differences in the picture, for example, unprocessed sun rays on the obverse. The eye of the ribbon ring is also very different.